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Symmetry 4 - pg
This symmetry contains horizontal translations and our first encounter with glide reflections.

The animation uses the pg symmetry group to wallpaper the plane with the tile shown to the left. Glide refection shift the tile horizontally and reflect over the red lines.

Notice if we glide reflect the entire tiling along these red lines (i.e. reflect across and then shift half a tile width) the entire tiling lands on top of itself and matches up. When this happens, we say a tiling is symmetric with respect to glide reflections.

Using glide reflections, we can construct the larger tile shown to the right out of four copies of the original tile. Can you locate some instances of this larger tile in the pg tiling on the left? If you look at the rectangle outlined in black, notice you can use just translations (i.e. the first symmetry group p1) to wallpaper the plane with this rectangle, and the resulting tiling is the same as the pg tiling. So the pg tiling is also symmetric with respect to translations.

Notice that, although our illustration uses a square, any rectangle will work.

Kali denotes this symmetry by "oo". You can go to now to experiment with symmetry pg.

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Page last updated Wed Jul 28 16:36:46 CDT 1999
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